Thiruvananthapuram – The Host City
Thiruvananthapuram, also known by its former name Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala popularly known as “God’s Own Country”. Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland, Thiruvananthapuram is a major Information Technology hub in Kerala and contributes 55% of the state's software exports as of 2016. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the "Evergreen City of India", the city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills. Thiruvananthapuram is a notable academic and research hub and home to the University of Kerala, Kerala Technological University, the regional headquarters of Indira Gandhi National Open University, and many other schools and colleges. It is also home to research centers such as the CSIR-National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST), Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMS), Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), and a campus of the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (ISER) . Being India's largest city in the deep south, it is strategically prominent and hosts the Southern Air Command headquarters of the Indian Air Force (IAF), Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station, and the upcoming Vizhinjam International Seaport. Thiruvananthapuram is a major tourist centre, known for Padmanabhaswamy Temple, beaches of Kovalam and Varkala, backwaters of Poovar and Anchuthengu, and its Western Ghats tracts of Ponmudi and Agastyamala. The city has a climate that borders a tropical savanna climate and a tropical monsoon climate. As a result, it does not experience distinct seasons. The average temperature in Thiruvananthapuram in December is hot at 27oC. Afternoons can be very hot with the average high temperatures reaching 31oC. Overnight temperatures are generally less hot with an average of 23oC. The average relative humidity in Thiruvananthapuram for the month of December is 69%. December, January, and February are the coldest months; while, March, April, and May are the hottest. Over the entire year, the lowest and highest temperatures in the city core recorded during winter and summer were 16oC and 38oC respectively.